Sleep Disorders: Types,Causes and Symptoms

Sleep disorders are nothing but a difficulty in sleeping. Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on a regular basis. Now a days this condition is becoming a common problem in most parts of the world. Most of the people experiencing this problem due to stress, hectic and uneven schedules.

         Due to this sleep disorders, people will have a difficulty in falling asleep and feels extremely tired and dull through out the day. The lack of sleep can leads to lot of mental and medical health issues.

Types Of Sleep Disorders:

The following are the different types of sleeping disorders which are caused due to various reasons. Some may be caused by other health conditions.

Insomnia:

         Insomnia means the inability to fall asleep at night. This disorder is caused due to jet lag, stress, hormonal issues, indigestion. Due, to this disorder there will be many health problems like

  • Depression
  • Weight gain
  • Dullness and less active during daytime
  • Less concentration

      This sleep disorder is extremely common in most of the adults and pregnant ladies. In some cases, it occurs periodically and last for just few nights whereas in few cases it lasts for more than a month.

RLS ( Restless Leg Syndrome):

       RLS is a condition in which there will be an irresistible urge to move the legs. This urge is sometimes accompanied by a tingling sensation in the legs. Due to the disturbance in sleep, people with RLS have the following problems

  • Depressed mood
  • Irritability
  • Feeling sleepy during day
  • Low energy
  • Limb twitching during sleep

    RLS can develop at any age, even during childhood. This disorder is more common with increasing age and more common in women than in men. This syndrome usually not related to a serious medical problem. But accompanies other conditions such as

  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Iron deficiency
  • Kidney failure
  • Spinal cord issues

Sleep Apnea: 

         Sleep apnea is a disorder that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with disorder would stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, which means the brain and the rest of the body may not get enough oxygen. Sleep apnea can affect anyone at any age, even children. If left untreated, this can leads to the health issues like

  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • Heart failure

        Untreated sleep apnea may also be responsible for poor performance in every day activities. There is also a risk of having over weight, large tonsils and sinus problems.

Narcolepsy:

     Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness. People with narcolepsy suffers with excessive daytime sleepiness and uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during daytime. These sudden attacks of sleep might occur during any type of activity at any time of the day.

       It usually begins between the ages of 15 and 25, but it can become apparent at any age. In many cases it is undiagnosed and therefore untreated. People with this disorder might suffer with the health issues like.

  • Hallucinations
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Cataplexy
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness

Lifestyle changes like avoiding caffeine, alcohol, nicotine and heavy meals, regulating sleep schedules and doing some exercises might help to reduce the symptoms.

Parasomnia :

    Parasomnia is a sleep disorder that cause abnormal movements and behaviour during sleep. Brain disorders may be responsible for some parasomnia. This disorder may also be triggered by other sleep disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea and by various medications. They occur in people of all ages, but are more common in children. Parasomnia are of different types such as

  • Sleep walking
  • Sleep talking
  • Nightmares
  • Bed wetting
  • Groaning
  • Teeth grinding and jaw clenching

Causes And Treatment:

    There are many conditions, disorders and diseases that can cause sleep disturbances. In many cases, sleep disorders develop as a result of an underlying health problems like

  • Nocturia
  • Chronic pain
  • Allergies and respiratory problems
  • Stress

Treatment for sleep disorders can vary depending on the type of the disorder and cause. These conditions can be treated by the combination of medical treatment and changes in life style.

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